I compare the evolution of maternal labor supply and wages in the first six years after kindergarten, between women whose child started kindergarten at five and those who did not. Identification is driven by geographical variation in the cutoffs which determine eligibility to enroll. Labor market participation (LFP) is 7 percentage points lower among mothers of non-enrolled children and it takes them up to five years to close the gap. Fuerthermore, they are 9.6% more likely to have additional children within the first two years.Conditional on employment, the short-run impact on wages is negative, but the lon-run effect is positive, as is the effect on school enrollment of teen mothers (+16%).
Emilia Soldani is a PhD Candidate at the NYU Department of Economics.
During her PhD she collaborated with the NYU-Abu Dhabi Center of Technology and Economics Development, where she focused on food crops markets in Ghana and on the effects of price information on marketing outcomes.
Before her PhD she worked for European Training Foundation, where she focused on empirical research on gender empowerment and on education standards in North Africa and the Middle East, and at Collegio Carlo Alberto, where she focused on pensions, wealth shocks and household savings.