Using long-range dependence techniques we examine the order of integration of Angola’s macro variables from a fractional viewpoint. Based on a small open economy model, the series examined are money reserves, credit, money supply, lending rate, exchange rates, CPI, GDP, oil revenues and government expenditure, for the period of January 2000 to December 2013. The results suggest that the variables are nonstationary with orders of integration equal to or higher than 1 suggesting nonmean-reverting behaviour. Structural breaks reveal that the series reflect the IMF intervention in Angola in 2003 to control inflation. Policy implications are derived.
The Macroeconomy of Angola: Breaks and Persistence in Angola Macro Data
Luis A. Gil-Alaña
Carlos P. Barros
Joao Ricardo Faria
Applied Economics, Vol. 47, Issue 27