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Meeting ID: 961 7244 2643
Access code: 376054
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The NCID Workshop on Urban Deprivation will bring together four experts in this area that can give an expertise vision on this issue. The goal of the workshop is to address the importance of Data, Earth Observation and Citizen Science in order to make the best Urban Policies that can face poverty in the slums of African cities such as Nairobi. This topic is not only relevant from the socioeconomic and urbanistic point of view, but also from the Environmental and Health ones.
Many African cities are experiencing exponential population growth, a phenomenon that Europe has experienced at other times in its history. As these cities do not have the capacity to absorb all this new population, slums are emerging, characterised by overcrowding, lack of water and electricity, and the accumulation of rubbish. For example, in Mathare (Nairobi) there are up to 69,000 people per square kilometre.
The Navarra Center for International Development has organised an international workshop on 10 December to discuss how to develop effective urban policies to tackle poverty from a scientific perspective.
Since socio-economic indicators do not give a complete picture of what causes a neighbourhood to be slum, a group of European urban planners have started to take into account satellite images to analyse poverty in specific areas of slums. Thanks to these images, we can find out how much rubbish is accumulating in an area or how close a hospital or school is to these slums. The data we extract from the satellites and the opinions we gather from the slum inhabitants help us to better understand what the real problems of these people are.
With Africa's rapid urbanisation, new technologies offer an opportunity to collect data using satellite imagery, mobile phone applications and GPS to provide a multidimensional picture that helps to fight poverty and improve the environment. Knowing, through urban planning, what makes a neighbourhood marginal is the first step towards making effective public policies to stop it being so.