Guatemala, which gained its independence in 1821, serves as the northern bottleneck of the Central American isthmus. Its history has been defined by political and military struggles that not only stunted human capital and economic growth, but left lasting marks on domestic social relations, as well as...

The Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas) has risen to be a country with one of the world's fastest growing GDPs in recent years. Behind this budding developmental success story is a deep history of social diversity, international trade, and finally modernization. The sprawling archipelago...

Kenya: a world leading mobile economy marred by corruption and ethnic election violence

Situated on the equator between Lake Victoria and the Indian Ocean, Kenya encompasses a rich economic, cultural, and international history. Culturally, Kenya represents the intersection of Arab, Bantu, and...

South Africa: the continent's most developed nation still suffers race divisions and faces resource droughts

The Republic of South Africa (RSA) constitutes the southern tip of the African continent, separating the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. With 1,219,090 sq km and more than 50 million citizens...