Guatemala, which gained its independence in 1821, serves as the northern bottleneck of the Central American isthmus. Its history has been defined by political and military struggles that not only stunted human capital and economic growth, but left lasting marks on domestic social relations, as well as...

The Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas) has risen to be a country with one of the world's fastest growing GDPs in recent years. Behind this budding developmental success story is a deep history of social diversity, international trade, and finally modernization. The sprawling archipelago...

Situated on the equator between Lake Victoria and the Indian Ocean, Kenya encompasses a rich economic, cultural, and international history. Culturally, Kenya represents the intersection of Arab, Bantu, and Swahili culture within Africa. These disparate traditions were drawn together during a nearly a...

The Republic of South Africa (RSA) constitutes the southern tip of the African continent, separating the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. With 1,219,090 sq km and more than 50 million citizens, it is one of the largest and most populated countries in the world. South Africa shares borders with Namibia,...