South Africa: the continent's most developed nation still suffers race divisions and faces resource droughts
The Republic of South Africa (RSA) constitutes the southern tip of the African continent, separating the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. With 1,219,090 sq km and more than 50 million citizens, it is one of the largest and most populated countries in the world. South Africa shares borders with Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland; and within it is located Lesotho.
Historically and in the present-day, South Africa stands out from many of its neighbors and indeed the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa. Throughout the 20th Century, stable advances in development were achieved, however, they widely excluded Black South Africans, in a system that came to be known as Apartheid. This system continued until 1994, when the African National Congress, led by Nelson Mandela, negotiated an end to the white minority government.
Since the end of Apartheid, South Africa has made progress towards equality and development, and is identified amongst the BRICS (Brazil, Rusia, India, China and South Africa). However, despite strong social and public infrastructure and an active civil society, corruption, violence, and rampant unemployment continue to restrict growth and development in the 21st Century.