Kenya: a world leading mobile economy marred by corruption and ethnic election violence
Situated on the equator between Lake Victoria and the Indian Ocean, Kenya encompasses a rich economic, cultural, and international history. Culturally, Kenya represents the intersection of Arab, Bantu, and Swahili culture within Africa. These disparate traditions were drawn together during a nearly a century of British colonization as British East Africa. The devasting Mau-Mau Rebellion in the late 1950's pushed the British Crown to cede independence in 1962, when the Republic of Kenya was established under Jomo Kenyatta, who would remain President until his death in 1978.
The 24-year (1978–2002) presidency of Daniel arap Moi produced relative stability and only moderate growth. Since Moi, there has been a regular exchange of the Presidency, although the 2007 election was notable for highly tribalized rhetoric that was associated with post-election violence. In 2013, Uhuru Kenyatta, the son of founding father Jomo Kenyatta, was elected President, despite his supposed involvement in fomenting post-election violence in 2007. Careful development of manufacturing and service sectors, along with strong institutions has made Kenya an economic leader within East Africa. The recent discovery of new hydrocarbon resources and several mega-projects initiated by the Kenyatta administration hold forth the opportunity to slash the relatively high poverty rate in Kenya and place it amongst middle-income countries in the coming decade.
Population: 48.03 million (2018)
Surface area: 580,400 km²
Currency: Kenyan Shilling (KSh)
GDP: $70.53 billion
GDP growth rate (2012-2017): 5.45%
GDP per capita (2018): 1,790.01 USD
Transparency International's 2017 Corruption Perception Index: 28 points (32 points average SSA), 143/180th
The Economist 2017 Intelligence Unit Democracy Index : 5.11 score, 95/167th, Hybrid regime
Global Terrorism Index 2017: 6.17/10 points, 12th African nation, 22nd worldwide (1st most terrorism impact)