November 03, 2015
News /
Posted by NCID

The Navarra Center for International Development (NCID) at University of Navarra invites applications for Assistant Professor (Tenure-track positions) and for Post-doctoral positions. 

Applicants are expected to have a doctoral degree in Economics or Political Science and a specialization in the fields of Development Economics or Political Economy. Those with research experience in the fields of migrations, innovation and technology transfer, political economy and weak institutions are particularly encouraged to apply. 

Candidates must have a commitment to scholarly research and are expected to develop an active research program leading to both scientific publications and successful policy design. 

Applications should include: 

1. Cover letter, stating the availability at ASSA and SAEe meeting and interest for Assistant Professor or Post-doctoral position; 
2. Curriculum vitae; 
3. Job market paper; 
4. Three letters of recommendation. 
5. A short essay on the reasons why the candidate applies for this position at the NCID 

Interviews will take place during the SAEe Meetings in Girona and during the ASSA Meetings in San Francisco. 

Informal inquiries about the center or the posts may be addressed to Dr. Alex Armand, aarmand@unav.es. 

 

Applications should be made through EconJobMarket (link) or the American Economics Association (link).

Alternatively, the application can be sent by postal mail to 

Paul Atwell, 
Navarra Center for International Development (ICS) 
Universidad de Navarra, 
Edificio de Bibliotecas, 
31080 Pamplona, 
Spain. 

 

Or an email to ncid.jobs@unav.es

 


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September 21, 2018
News /
Posted by NCID

Los investigadores residentes del Navarra Center for International Development (NCID) Alex Armand y Joseph Gomes han presentado su investigación pionera El Alcance de la Radio: Mensajes de Deserción y el Comportamiento de Grupos Armados en dos centros de investigación líderes en el mundo: el National Economic Bureau of Research (NBER) en Boston y el programa Development Impact Evaluation (DIME) del Banco Mundial en Washington D.C. Además, Gomes presentará el proyecto en la reunión anual de la American Economic Association el próximo 4 de enero de 2019 en Atlanta, Estados Unidos.

El estudio innovador, conducido por Armand y Gomes, ha recibido un gran interés alrededor del mundo. El proyecto analiza cómo las retransmisiones por radio FM han sido utilizadas como una herramienta no violenta y de bajo coste para conseguir convencer a los combatientes a deponer las armas en lugares remotos de difícil acceso. Con el apoyo económico de la Fundación Ramón Areces, los dos académicos han trabajado junto con el ex-ayudante de investigación del NCID Paul Atwell desde el año 2017 para mostrar la primera evaluación cuantitativa de una política en activo de contra-insurgencia.

La investigación se centra en la insurgencia Ejército de Resistencia del Señor (LRA, por sus siglas en inglés), uno de los mayores conflictos en África. Tras recolectar datos originales de difusiones de radio que encomendaban a la defección, los resultados mostraron que estas retransmisiones reducen las fatalidades, la violencia contra los civiles y los altercados con los cuerpos de seguridad. El análisis demuestra que los incentivos económicos son vitales para la efectividad de esta herramienta.

La publicación fue presentada por primera vez el pasado 23 de julio en el NBER Summer Institute 2018 Economics of National Security. Armand, Gomes y Atwell compartieron ponencia junto con investigadores de prestigiosas instituciones como Stanford University y University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, entre otras. Tras las vacaciones estivales, Armand voló a Washington D.C. el 18 de septiembre para impartir un seminario en las oficinas centrales del Banco Mundial. Finalmente, Gomes presentará el proyecto en la sesión sobre economía y seguridad nacional en la reunión anual de la American Economic Association Annual Meeting.

September 21, 2018
News /
Posted by NCID

NCID Resident Fellows Alex Armand and Joseph Flavian Gomes have presented their investigation The Reach of Radio: Ending Civil Conflict through Rebel Demobilization at the leading research centers National Economic Bureau of Research (NBER) in Boston and at World Bank's Development Impact Evaluation (DIME) program in Washington D.C. Gomes will also present the paper at the American Economic Association's Annual Meeting in Atlanta next January 4th, 2019.

The cutting-edge research conducted by Armand and Gomes has received interest from all around the globe. The project analyzes how FM radio broadcasts have been used as a low-cost, non-violent instrument to draw combatants out of war in otherwise hard to reach remote areas. With the economic support of the Fundación Ramón Areces, the two researchers have worked with former NCID Research Assistant Paul Atwell since 2017 to provide the first quantitative evaluation of an active counter-insurgency policy.

The researchers focused their investigation on the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) insurgency, one of Africa’s longest running conflicts. After collecting original data on radio broadcasts encouraging defections on the LRA case, results showed that broadcasting defection messages reduces fatalities, violence against civilians and clashes with security forces. These reductions are propelled by an increase in defections. In this situation, the LRA resorts to increased looting for survival. Furthermore, the analysis found that economic incentives are vital for the program's effectiveness. Conflict-enhancing commodity price shocks weaken the pacifying effects of defection messaging, whilst conflict-reducing shocks strengthen the peace.

The paper was first presented last 23rd of July at NBER's Summer Institute 2018 Economics of National Security program by the three researchers. Armand, Gomes and Atwell shared presentations with Stanford University and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign researchers, amongst others. After summer, the 18th of September, Armand was invited to deliver a DIME seminar at the World Bank headquarters in Washington D.C. on the same paper. Gomes will present the paper at the Economics of National Security paper session within the American Economic Association Annual Meeting.

September 06, 2018
News /
Posted by NCID

Con el apoyo del Institute for Solidarity in Asia (ISA), el director del Navarra Center for International Development, Luis Ravina, y el ayudante de investigación, Iván Kim, fueron recibidos el verano pasado por la Policía Nacional de Filipinas (PNP), las Fuerzas Armadas y otras instituciones, en un viaje al sudeste asiático y al Pacífico que también incluyó visitas a Singapur y Vietnam.

El ISA es una organización amiga del NCID que reúne a diferentes actores de la población civil para hacer de la gobernanza una "responsabilidad compartida". También cuenta con una tarjeta de puntuación del Performance Governance System (PGS) para agencias gubernamentales y unidades del gobierno local, que busca “abordar la corrupción, mejorar los servicios y atraer inversiones en el país". En la reunión donde el ISA presentó el PGS al personal de NCID, representantes de la Policía Nacional compartieron su experiencia con el Patrol Plan 2030, una estrategia completa para mejorar el rol de la PNP como institución para el país.

Otras reuniones importantes fueron con el Ejército y la Marina de Filipinas. Ambas instituciones, a través de representantes del alto mando, enfatizaron su reputación en la opinión pública, sus desafíos, visión, misión y resultados en áreas internas y externas. Mientras tanto, el director del NCID, Luis Ravina, habló sobre el trabajo que hace el centro, buscando colaboración futura entre ambas partes.

En Filipinas, también hubo encuentros con Winston Padojinog, Presidente de la Universidad de Asia y el Pacífico, para hablar sobre proyectos comunes. Además, el NCID fue recibido por representantes del Philippine Heart Center, que compartieron el camino del hospital hacia la institucionalización, y por personal oficial de las ciudades de Legazpi y Balanga, quienes hablaron sobre la situación de las instituciones locales, proyectos de desarrollo en ambas ciudades y cómo miden el éxito en sus políticas.

Finalmente, ambos miembros del NCID fueron a Singapur y Vietnam, donde se reunieron respectivamente con Nonito Bernardo, parte de la Corporación Financiera Internacional y experto en proyectos de privatización, y con los investigadores Manuel Clavel y Dominic Cooray.

September 06, 2018
News /
Posted by NCID

With the support of the Institute for Solidarity in Asia (ISA), the Navarra Center for International Development (NCID) Director Luis Ravina and Research Assistant Iván Kim were received by the Philippines’ National Police (PNP), Armed Forces and other institutions this past summer, in a trip to Southeast Asia and the Pacific that also included Singapore and Vietnam.

The ISA is a close friend organization of the NCID that brings together different actors of the civil population to make governance a “shared responsibility”. It also has a Performance Government System (PGS) scorecard for government agencies and local government units that “seeks to address corruption, improve services and attract investments in the country”. In the meeting where they presented the PGS to NCID’s staff, representatives of the National Police shared their experience with the Patrol Plan 2030, a complete strategy to enhance PNP’s role as an institution for the country.

Other important meetings were with the Philippines’ Army and Navy. Both institutions, through representatives of the high command, emphasized their reputation in the public opinion, their challenges, vision, mission and results in internal and external areas. Meanwhile, Mr. Ravina talked about the work that the NCID does, seeking for future collaboration.

In the Philippines, Mr. Ravina and Mr. Kim also met with Winston Padojinog, President of the University of Asia and the Pacific, to talk about common projects. Furthermore, they were received by representatives of the Philippine Heart Center, who shared the road to institutionalization of the hospital, and from the cities of Legazpi and Balanga, who talked about the situation of the local institutions, development projects in both cities and how do they measure success in their policies.

Finally, both NCID members went to the Singapore and Vietnam, where they  respectively met Nonito Bernardo, part of the International Finance Corporation and expert in privatization projects, and researchers Manuel Clavel and Dominic Cooray.

September 19, 2018
News /
Posted by NCID

This opinion piece was originally published on Apolitical by Alex Armand, NCID resident fellow and assistant professor at the University of Navarra. It reflects upon the investigation Identifying the effect of targeted money transfers on women’s empowerment. Apolitical is a global network for government, helping public servants find the ideas, people and partners they need to solve the hardest challenges facing our societies. Please visit Apolitical.co for further articles.

 

Achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls is an ambitious goal, and one that is central to the UN Sustainable Development Goals’ post-2015 development agenda. An important domain in which it can be pursued is the family: it’s here that countless decisions affecting women’s futures are taken. Yet the role of women within dwellings’ walls represents a black box: women’s participation in household decisions is hard to observe, and even more arduous to quantify.

Given this measurement challenge, can we even set realistic targets for female empowerment within the family, let alone achieve them?

In the past few decades, measurement has mainly been done through survey questions on gendered participation in household decision-making. A typical set of questions asks respondents to identify the family member in charge of different decisions — for instance, who decides about food expenditures or about schooling. Higher female participation supposedly shows stronger empowerment.

However, reaching conclusions based on these measures can be misleading: social norms or other constraints can dictate certain answers, and indirect asks may not lead to answers that paint a true picture of reality.

Are empowerment programs failing?

Since the 1990s, women-targeted cash transfers have become a common tool policymakers in developing countries use to target female empowerment. A large number of income-supporting social programs have selected women to be the recipients of government money, including Mexico’s PROGRESA/Oportunidades (now relabelled as Prospera).

These interventions promote gender equality in the family by raising female control of household income. Many studies show the effectiveness of these programs in shifting diverse household outcomes in a substantive fashion. But effects on self-reported measures of women’s empowerment have hardly been observed.

Have these programs failed at empowering women? Or are we just failing at measuring it? To find answers, we need new and innovative ways of measuring female empowerment.

One such recent attempt comes from researchers at IIES Stockholm, University of Navarra and University College London. The new approach observes women’s choices in a lab setting, but facing real-life decisions. A participating woman receives an offer: a financial transfer for her household. The recipient is her partner. She can then choose to accept the deal or to pay a small cost to keep the amount for herself. The new measure then quantifies how much a woman would be willing to pay to keep control of the transfer. The researchers suggest that higher willingness to sacrifice money for control reflects weak control of household resources — and thereby means lower empowerment.

Macedonia’s cash transfer program

This new measure was used to study the effects of women-targeted cash transfers, with a focus on the Macedonian “Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) for Secondary School Education”. This is a cash transfer program supporting secondary school enrolment across poor households.

In conjunction with researchers, the Macedonian government experimented with two different versions of the program. In half of the country, the woman in the household received the transfer. In the other half, the household head, generally the man, received it.

A comparison of these two groups allowed studying the effect of women-targeted cash transfers using the new lab test measure of empowerment. What did it show? The women in the study were, on the whole, willing to sacrifice some household income to receive the money in the lab test. But they were less willing to sacrifice it when they had already been receiving a cash transfer from the program.

The cash transfer really had made a difference to their household control — but that was not captured at all using the traditional measure of self-reported survey questions around empowerment.

Women-targeted transfers are indeed affecting female empowerment. At least in one of its many dimensions. By restricting our analysis to self-reported answers, we have, for years, been mistakenly assuming we have been capturing their full impact.

If we are serious in our aim for gender equality, we need to encourage more experimentation around its measurement. Traditional measures are failing at capturing the real impact of money spent on empowerment programming all around the world.

 

February 19, 2018
News /
Posted by NCID

The Navarra Center for International Development (NCID) of the University of Navarra has been ranked one of the best think tanks in the world for third consecutive year, as listed by the Global Go To Think Tank Index Report 2017 of the University of Pennsylvania (USA).

The center, which belongs to the Institute for Culture and Society (ICS), is the only spanish center in the category of best university associated think tanks, where is ranked the 58th out of 90 centers across the globe.

This ranking confirms the international status of the center, which is considered above other institutions of presitigious universities such as Princeton (USA), Harvard (USA), Oxford (UK) or MIT (USA).

For the raking, which the University of Pennsylvania drafts since 2007, more than 7.7815 think tanks were analized, of which 1.931 are from North America and 1.770 european. More than 7.500 journalists, policy makers, public and private donors, and functional and regional area specialists 

Policy impact evaluation 

The NCID is formed by an interdisciplinary team of economists, urbanists, journalists and sociologists. Their investigations focus on alleviating extreme poverty in the world’s poorest countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Currently, the center is undergoing investigations in various Subsaharan African countries, as well as in India and Bolivia. 

One of the center's strategies is to study regions where a specific public policy has helped to alleviate poverty. With impact evaluation policies, the NCID focuses on generating ideas that can solve chronic problems realted to poverty, corruption and violence, amongst others. 

In this last academic year, the center has opened its areas of interests to include the expansion of urban cities in Africa and the democratic development in Subsaharan Africa. 

Radio's use in conflict, a current project

One of the ongoing investigations analyzes the power of radio to end armed conflict. The project, The Reach of Radio: Defection Messaging and Armed Group Behavior, led by NCID's Resident Fellows Alex Armand and Joseph Gomes, analizes the effect of The Voice Project, a radio program, in reducing armed conflict and fatalities perpetrated by the Lord Resistance Army of Joseph Kony.

Relatives, former combatants and local leaders offer their voice through radio to convince soldiers that they would be gladly accepted in their community if they escape from conflict, and that the amnesty law would effectively protect them. Results showed that with one hour of broadcasting a day, fatalities reduced up to 7 per cent.

The center also has other ongoing projects, such as The Geography of Ethno-linguistic Diversity and the Provision of Public Goods, led by NCID Resident Fellow Joseph Gomes, which has the goal of understanding how ethnic diversity plays a role in the provision of public goods.

Access the full ranking here.

February 19, 2018
News /
Posted by NCID

El Navarra Center for International Development (NCID) de la Universidad de Navarra es uno de los mejores think tanks del mundo por tercer año consecutivo, según el Global Go To Think Tank Index Report de 2017 de la Universidad de Pensilvania (EE. UU.).

El NCID, que pertenece al Instituto Cultura y Sociedad (ICS), constituye el único centro español en la categoría de los mejores think tanks afiliados a una universidad, donde ocupa el puesto 58 de 90.

Este ranking confirma el prestigio internacional del centro, que se sitúa por encima de otras instituciones vinculadas a universidades de prestigio como Princeton (EE.UU.), Harvard (EE.UU.), Oxford (Reino Unido) o el Instituto Tecnológico de Massachusetts – MIT (EE.UU.).

Para la elaboración del ranking, que la Universidad de Pensilvania realiza desde el año 2007, se han analizado 7,815 think tanks, de los que 1,931 son de América del Norte y 1,770 europeos. También han participado más de 7.500 periodistas, legisladores, mecenas públicos y privados y otros especialistas.

Evaluación de impacto de políticas y programas

El NCID lo constituye un equipo interdisciplinar de investigadores: economistas, urbanistas, periodistas y sociólogos. Sus investigaciones tienen como objetivo promover soluciones viables a situaciones de pobreza extrema en países en vías de desarrollo de África, Asia y América Latina. Actualmente desarrolla proyectos en varios países de África subsahariana, además de India y Bolivia.

Una de las estrategias del centro consiste en estudiar aquellas naciones o regiones en las que unas determinadas políticas hayan contribuido a aliviar con gran éxito la pobreza de una población. A través de la investigación aplicada, el NCID trata de generar ideas que resuelvan problemas sociales crónicos asociados con la pobreza, como la corrupción y la violencia, entre otros.

En el último año el centro ha apostado por expandir sus áreas de desarrollo para, además de hacer una evaluación de impacto de políticas y programas, abarcar estudios acerca del creciente urbanismo en las ciudades de África o el desarrollo democrático en África subsahariana.

El uso de la radio en conflictos, proyecto en curso

Una de las investigaciones en curso es el estudio que analiza el poder de la radio para acabar con un conflicto armado. El estudio El alcance de la radio: acabar con el conflicto civil a través de la desmovilización de los rebeldes, co-dirigido por los investigadores del NCID Alex Armand y Joseph Gomes, analiza el efecto que un programa de radio llamado The Voice Project tuvo en reducir el conflicto armado por parte del grupo terrorista Ejército de Liberación del Señor de Joseph Kony. 

Las voces de familiares, ex-combatientes y líderes locales se transmitían a través de la señal de radio para convencer a los soldados de que serían aceptados en su vuelta a casa y que la ley de amnistía se aplicaría sobre ellos. Los resultados mostraron que con una hora de retransmisión al día se redujeron las muertes en un 7%. 

El centro de investigación cuenta también con otros proyectos en curso, como La Geografía de la diversidad etnolingüística y la provisión de bienes públicos, dirigido por Joseph Gomes, que tiene como objetivo ayudar a entender el papel que juega la diversidad étnica en la provisión de bienes públicos. 

Consultar el ranking completo.

February 13, 2018
News /
Posted by NCID

World Radio Day is celebrated February, 13th. In El País' section on global development and human rights, Planeta Futuro, they have published an article written by NCID's Research Assistant David Soler on the study The Reach of Radio: Defection Messaging and Armed Group Behavior, led by NCID Resident Fellows Alex Armand and Joseph Gomes.

In this opinion piece, which can be accessed by clicking here, David tells the story of Sam Ouandja, who escaped from the LRA's hands. Thousands of kids like him are kidnapped by the terrorist group led by Joseph Kony and forced to kill. The investigation analyzes the effect of a radio program named The Voice Project. Sending messages spoken by family members, ex-combatants and local leaders, the program had the objective to convince combatants that they would be well-received in their community back home and that the amnesty law signed by the Government was being upheld. Results show that with one hour of transmission a day, fatalities reduced by 7%.s

The radio campaign also changed the group's strategy, which started doing more sabotages and less killings as they lost combatants. This way, they pretended to proof their power and gain resources to keep on fighting.

February 13, 2018
News /
Posted by NCID

El 13 de febrero se celebra el Día Mundial de la Radio. En la sección de desarrollo global y derechos humanos de El País, Planeta Futuro, se publica una pieza escrita por el ayudante de investigación David Soler acerca del estudio El alcance de la radio: acabar con el conflicto civil a través de la desmovilización de los rebeldes, co-dirigido por los investigadores del NCID Alex Armand y Joseph Gomes. 

El artículo de opinión, el cual se puede acceder pinchando aquí, cuenta la historia de la huida de Sam Ouandja de las manos del LRA de Joseph Kony. Cientos de niños como él son secuestrados por el grupo terrorista y obligados a matar. La investigación analiza el efecto que un programa de radio llamado The Voice Project tuvo en reducir el conflicto. Las voces de familiares, ex-combatientes y líderes locales se transmitían a través de la señal de radio para convencer a los soldados de que serían aceptados en su vuelta a casa y que la ley de amnistía se aplicaría sobre ellos. Con una hora de retransmisión al día se redujeron las muertes en un 7%. 

La campaña a través de la radio también cambió la estrategia del grupo terrorista, que al ver que perdía efectivos pasó a hacer más sabotajes y menos ataques a civiles. Así, pretendían conseguir recursos materiales a la vez que demostrar su poderío a los civiles y asustar a los combatientes dudosos de huir.

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