This paper analyses long range fractional dependence of China pollution in four major cities, namely Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen from September 28 of 2013 to December 12 of 2015. Unit roots hypotheses are tested by using fractional integration methods using both uncorrelated and autocorrelated errors. The results reveal that the pollution is persistent, meaning that it will continue until strong anti-pollution measures are adopted. Policy implication is derived.
The Persistence of Air Pollution in Four Mega-Cities of China
Luis A. Gil-Alaña
Carlos P. Barros
Habitat International, Vol. 56